According to IDC, The COVID-19 pandemic is already impacting IT markets as buyers and vendors adjust to a new set of assumptions and a new global economic reality.
IDC expects to see a significant slowdown in spending on hardware in particular during the first half of 2020 with software and services spending also affected as the crisis reverberates through all sectors of the economy, including supply chains, trade, and business planning.
One scenario would see global IT spending growth reduced by more than three-quarters by the end of 2020, growing just 1% compared to the original forecast of more than 4%.
And, IDC says that these forecasts are more likely to trend down than up in the next few weeks.
According to the current data from IDC Worldwide Black Book Live Edition for February 2020, IT spending is projected to grow by 4.3% in constant currency terms this year, reflecting downward adjustments to forecasts for hardware device sales.
This is down from the 5% forecast in January, and IDC expects the March Black Book to show an additional downgrade to these forecasts based on the latest indicators and survey data, and the escalating situation in other regions outside China.
"The situation is extremely fluid," says IDC customer insights and analysis group vice president Stephen Minton.
"Our monthly data and surveys are clearly pointing in one direction, but it's still early to understand the full impact of the coronavirus crisis across all sectors of the economy. We are using scenario models to illustrate that forecasts have a wider range than usual, and the downside risks in those models seem to be increasing every day. But the duration of the crisis remains a big unknown and will go a long way in determining overall market growth for the year as a whole."
In a pessimistic scenario, based on the crisis extending beyond Q2 outside China, the worldwide IT market is more likely to grow by around 1%.
"The pessimistic scenario is not a worst-case scenario," adds Minton.
"Things are moving so quickly that we need to constantly recalibrate our assumptions and expectations, but the pessimistic scenario reflects an IT market in which weaker economic growth translates into weaker business and consumer spending across all technologies over the next few quarters. Things could get worse, but hopefully not."
The Worldwide Black Book Live Edition is updated monthly with the latest IT spending forecasts for annual growth across 100 countries.
It will continue to evolve and capture the escalating impact of the coronavirus on market expectations and will be published alongside a "pessimistic scenario" for IT spending for as long as the crisis persists.
The pessimistic scenario can be used to understand the potential impact of the crisis beyond the current actual data indicators for GDP and IT markets.